Cities Built By Everybody

Another mini-thought for the day.  As part of my work here I plan on drawing/creating three images that speculate.  What I need to figure out is what exactly they are going to speculate on Havana's possible futures.  Except that's all I can tell you right now.  I have a couple things figured out though.  One of the three will be relating Detroit and Havana because I find the similarities striking with one large difference...  But the other two drawings will be focused on Havana only.  They need to be spatial, they need to somewhat gather up the information from the rest of the exhibition, and they need to be done in an aesthetic that hasn't already been seen a hundred times.  I've been thinking about how to combine an external image-identity of Havana (based more on the individual) with the internal image-identity (which is based more on a group identity).  This Jane Jacobs quote seemed fitting.  A little idealistic...? but something worth thinking about.


Yesterday I was reading an article online titled, "These 10 Photos Will Make You Rethink Your Trip to Cuba."  Click bait probably as the photos weren't anything different from what everyone else photographs and shares (myself included at times) and I don't think the photos caused anyone to re-think anything.  Perhaps if you read his words you'd rethink your initial assumptions but even then, maybe not.*  

I'm getting sidetracked, none of that is actually my point.  Each image was partially obscured by a banner ad that popped up at the bottom.  Image ads are my biggest pet peeve and these ones were incessantly trying to sell me a Honda.  Other than being irrelevant I found the image juxtaposition a bit ironic.


* Also there are a number of things the author writes that I don't agree with but won't get into it now...


A Tale of Three Cities...?

"It's complicated" wouldn't even begin to describe the United States' relationship with Cuba and I'm only at the start of understanding it all.  

Vintage pin found on Ebay

Vintage pin found on Ebay

I've found little information on the origin of this pin.  While the Ebay seller described it as anti-Kennedy another article wrote that the pin was part of the anti-Lyndon B. Johnson campaign in 1964 (when he ran for a full term after assuming the role of President upon Kennedy's death).  Funny how sarcasm is easily recognized even half a century later...

See the original Keynoter excerpt here.

Image vs. Representation

IMAGE (noun): 

1. An artificial imitation or representation of something, especially of a person or a bust of a person.

2. The aspect, appearance, or form of someone or something; semblance, likeness.  Now only in allusions to, or uses derived from, biblical language, especially Genesis 1:26, 27.

3. A visual representation or counterpart of an object or scene, formed through the interaction of rays of light with a mirror, lens, etc., usually by reflection or refraction.

4. A thing or person in which the aspect, form, or character of another is reproduced; an exact likeness; a counterpart, copy.

5. A mental representation of something (especially a visible object) created not by direct perception but by memory or imagination; a mental picture or impression; an idea, conception. 

6. A representation of something to the mind by speech or writing, a vivid or graphic description.

7. With of.  (a) A thing that stands for or is taken to stand for something else; a symbol, emblem. (b) A thing or person in which some quality is vividly exhibited, so as to make it or the person a natural representative of the quality, a type, a typical example, embodiment



1. The action of standing for, or in the place of, a person, group or thing, and related senses. (a) Something which stands for or denotes another symbolically; an image, a symbol, a sign.  

2. Senses relating to depiction or portrayal (a) A depiction or portrayal of a person or thing, typically one produced in an artistic medium; an image, a model, a picture.

3. The action or process of presenting to the mind or imagination.

4. Philosophy - An image, concept, or thought in the mind, especially as representing an object or state of affairs in the world; specifically a mental image or idea regarded as an object of direct knowledge and as the means by which knowledge of objects in the world may be indirectly acquired (now chiefly History). 

5. Law - The fact or process of standing for, or in the place of, a person, group, institution, etc., especially with the right or authority to speak or act on behalf of these.

6. Appearance; impression on the sight; bearing, air, demeanor.

IMAGE (verb):

1. To form a mental image of. (a) To imagine, picture in the mind, represent to oneself. (b) With something to be executed as object: to devise, plan.

2. To represent or expound in speech or writing; to describe especially vividly or graphically.

3. To form an image or counterpart of; to copy, imitate.  rare

4. To make an image of; to represent by a sculpted, painted, or other artistic image; to figure, portray, delineate.  

5. To represent by an emblem or metaphor; to symbolize, typify.

6. To reflect, mirror.  rare



1. To take or fill the place of. (a) To assume or occupy the role or functions of (a person), typically in restricted, and usually formal situations, to be entitled to speak or act on behalf of (a person, group, organization, etc.); (in later use especially) to act or serve as the spokesperson or advocate of.

2. To present the image or appearance of; to resemble. 

3. To symbolize (something abstract or intangible, as a quality, concept, etc.) to stand in the place of.

4. To make present, bring to view; to depict, portray. (a) To render perceptible, make plain or manifest; to communicate to the senses, especially the sight.

5. To bring clearly and distinctively before the mind or imagination; to describe, evoke, conjure; to imagine, conceptualize.

6. To portray in an artistic medium or by artistic means (typically painting or sculpture); (of an artist, etc.) to depict or evoke (a subject).

7. To set out clearly before a person (an argument, account of a situation, etc.); to submit formally to a person or audience, typically with a view to influencing action or opinion.